Alt. Designations: NGC 4736
Object Type: Spiral Galaxy
Constellation: Canes Venatici
Distance: 16 mly
Right Ascension: 12h 50m 53.1s
Declination: +41° 07´ 17"
Visual Magnitude: 8.2
Apparent Dimension: 14.4´ x 12.1´
Best Month To View: Apr

Messier 94 (also known as NGC 4736) is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Canes Venatici. Although some references describe M94 as a barred spiral galaxy, the "bar" structure appears to be more oval-shaped. The galaxy is also notable in that it has two ring structures, M94 contains both an inner ring with a diameter of 70" and an outer ring with a diameter of 600". These rings appear to form at resonance locations within the disk of the galaxy. The inner ring is the site of strong star formation activity and is sometimes referred to as a starburst ring. This star formation is fueled by gas that is dynamically driven into the ring by the inner oval-shaped bar-like structure. A 2009 study conducted by an international team of astrophysicists revealed that the outer ring of M94 is not a closed stellar ring, as historically attributed in the literature, but a complex structure of spiral arms when viewed in mid-IR and UV. The study found that the outer disk of this galaxy is active. It contains approximately 23% of the galaxy's total stellar mass and contributes about 10% of the galaxy's new stars. In fact, the star formation rate of the outer disk is approximately two times greater than the inner disk because it is more efficient per unit of stellar mass.